Academic Freedom 4: Education and Human Rights
Universities are often the first institutions which have to fear state repression. But especially the educational sector needs academic freedom to ensure that the people have the possibility to develop and discuss criteria of the society and political connections. In several parts of the world, structural adjustment programmes go hand in hand with stricter government control (including censorship) of universities and other educational institutions. In some countries, the control of education by religious groups has also emerged as a challenge to universal education, affecting not only the quality of education but also the level of tolerance in society. Other reports show why two factors, the existence of highly educated refugees and the globalization of the world economy, demand a much wider international recognition of educational qualifications.
This volume offers case studies about e. g. Nigeria, Sambia, China, Pakistan, Guatemala, Colombia, Brasil and Armenia as well as an insight into the human rights situation and the human right to education.